Karwa Chauth 2013 will be observed on Tuesday, 22nd October 2013. Karva Chauth is one the most awaited festival for married Hindu women. They keep a whole day fast and worship maa parvati to seek long life of their husband. Karwa means earthen pot which is the symbol of peace and prosperity. And ‘Chauth’ means the ‘fourth day’. Hence, Karwa Chauth is observed on fourth day of new moon in Karthik Month. It is also known as Kartik ki chauth or Karak Chaturthi.
Karwa chauth is one of the most significant days for married women. They observe strict fast to seek longevity, well-being and prosperity of their husbands.
The main ritual includes worshiping Lord Shiva and Parvati including Lord Ganesha and Kartikeya. Women get up early in the morning, wear new clothes and jewelry. They fast for whole day without consuming water. And break the fast only after seeing the moon at night. Hence everyone eagerly waits for moon rise on this festive day. A few days before Karva Chauth, married women buy new karvas, the spherical clay pots and paint them on the outside with beautiful designs. Inside the pot, they put bangles and ribbons, home-made candy and sweets, make-up items and small clothes e.g. handkerchief. The women then visit each other on the day of Karva Chauth or immediately afterward, and exchange these karvas. Season-wise, soon after the harvest, it is an excellent time to enjoy festivities, meet one another and exchange gifts. During the time of Karva Chauth, parents send gifts to married daughters and their children
Early Morning –
– Wake up before dawn; take bath and Chant Maa Parvati’s Name.
– Worship Shiva pariwar i.e. Lord Shiva, Parvati, Ganesh, Kartikeya and the moon.
– Pray for longevity and prosperity of their husbands and children.
– Eat the splendid ‘Sargi’ before sunrise and then get ready for the tough fast.
– Decorate your pooja thali, and assemble other puja items of evening.
Time of Moonrise varies
– Delhi – 20:17
– Bangalore – 20:36
– Mumbai – 20:45
– Chennai – 20:24
– Kolkata – 19:34
Karwa Chauth festival has an extraordinary observance rate among married women in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat. This is a significant day for married women as they keep fast for the long-life and well-being of of their husbands. The way of celebrating Karwa Chauth varies from each other on regional basis. Other Indian states also observe this fast. In Gujarat, many women observe this fast with Great Spirit. In Madhya Pradesh also, most of them follow the traditions of the women from Uttar Pradesh. In all these states the first ‘Karva Chauth’ of any new bride is a very important festival
Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha
The story of Karwa chauth is about Queen Veervati. After her marriage, on the occasion of the first Karva Chauth she went to her parents’ house. Vervati had seven brothers, who loved and cared a lot for her.
Veervati observed a strict fast but by evening, she became too weak, and fainted. Her brothers were worried about her health. They couldn’t stand the plight of their sister and decided to end her fast. They made illusion and assured her that it was the moonlight now she should break her fast. Soon after this, a message arrived that her husband had died. Queen rushed back to her husband’s house. Lord Shiva and maa Parvati appeared before her on her way and told her that she had been mislead by her brothers. She realised her mistake and pleaded for forgiveness. After which Lord Shiva and Parvati assured her that her husband would be brought back to life only when she observes strict fast ritual.
On reaching home, she found her husband lying unconscious with hundreds of needles inserted in his body. Each day, the queen managed to remove one needle from the king’s body. Next year, on the day of Karva Chauth, only one needle remained embedded in the body of the unconscious king. This time Veervati followed the ritual strictly and was able to redeem her husband’s life from death.
A decorated thali is a very important component for performing the Karva Chauth puja. A puja thali, also known as Baya, containing the roli, vermilion, sacred water, dry fruits like almonds, pishta etc., earthen clay pots, diyas and different types of Indian sweets, in their respective katoris, is tastefully decorated. The art of creating attractive thalis for puja may also contain the ritualistic decoration like rangoli and alpana. Puja thali can be decorated with floral designs with the help of flowers, leaves, color and also with multicolored pulses.
On this auspicious day, Ma Gaura or goddess Parvati is worshiped. Married women sit around Gaura ma and pray to her for the well being and long life of their husbands. A small pitcher or Karva with some water is placed in the center. While the story is being narrated, ladies circulate their decorated Baya thalis. After the puja, this thali is given to the eldest member of the family who blesses the woman with all the happiness in life. It’s not just married women who fast on Karva Chauth, even unmarried girls do. These young girls are fasting for their boyfriends. While some girls wait for the moon to appear, many break their fast after seeing the Pole Star. Unmarried girls break their fast after giving “arg” to the Pole Star. Also she will be praying to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati to bless my boyfriend and her with a smooth life ahead,”