“Vakratunda Mahaakaaya Suryakotee Sama Prabha
Nirvighnam kuru mey Deva, Sarva kaaryeshu Sarvadaa”
The most favorite day of the month for Lord Ganesh is the Chaviti or the fourth day of the month. The chaviti or the fourth day of the month of the Krishna Paksha or waning pahse of the moon is known as Sankashti Cahturthi. Sankashti Chaturthi is also known as Sankata Hara Chaturthi or Sankata Vimochana Cahturthi.It is believed that Lord Ganesh bestows his presence on earth for all his devotees during this festival. It is the day Shiva declared his son Ganesha as superior to all the gods, barring Vishnu, Lakshmi, Shiva and Parvati. Ganesha is widely worshiped as the god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune and traditionally invoked at the beginning of any new venture or at the start of travel. Devotees of Lord Ganesha treat Sankashti Chaturthi as one of the most important days. Devotees of Lord Ganesha observe the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat. It is believed that by observing the Sankashti Chatuthi Vrat one is freed from all his difficulties also known as Sankat. In India, amongst the Hindus, Lord Ganesha is one of the greatest and most important deities.
This Day corresponds with the Krishna Paksha Chaturthi in Vaishakha mahina as per North Indian calendars while it is the Krishna Paksha chavithi in chaitra Month as per Telgu, Gujarati, Kannada and Marathi Calendars. The significance of the story is that one would gain virtue that one cannot imagine by simply observing a fast. And if a puja of Lord Ganesh is done, after observing the fast and seeing the moon in the evening, the virtue would increase much more. Devotees observe a day long fast on Sankashti Chaturthi. In the night after seeing the Moon, devotees worship Lord Ganesha. After praying to Lord Ganesha, devotees eat the offering that is made to Lord Ganesha as diner. Devotees would also take care that they visit any Ganesha Temple on Sankashti Chaturthi Day
The following table gives the Sankashti Chaturthi or Ganesha sankashtahara Chaturthi or Chavithi dates for 2013, during every Hindu month.
1st January 2013(Tuesday) ___________Angarika Chaturthi_________21:20
30th January 2013(Wednesday) _______Sankashti Chaturthi________ 21:00
1st March 2013 (Friday) ____________ Sankashti Chaturthi_________21:42
30th March 2013 (Saturday) _________ Sankashti Chaturthi_________21:29
28th April 2013(Sunday) __________ Sankashti Chaturthi_________ 21:23
28th May 2013 (Tuesday) ___________ Angarika Chaturthi_________ 22:05
26th June 2013(Wednesday) _________Sankashti Chaturthi_________ 21:33
25th July 2013(Thursday) __________ Sankashti Chaturthi_________ 20:55
24th August 2013(Saturday) _________Sankashti Chaturthi_________ 20:58
22nd September 2013 (Sunday) _______Sankashti Chaturthi_________20:16
22nd October 2013 (Tuesday) _________Angarika Chaturthi_________20:29
21st November 2013 (Thursday) _______Sankashti Chaturthi_________20:48
21st December 2013 (Saturday)________Sankashti Chaturthi_________21:10
Ganesha mantras are siddhi mantras. In general, Ganesha mantras will ward off all evil and bless the devotee with abundance, prudence and success. Evil spirits dare not enter the home or the mind of the devotee where Ganesha mantras are recited. The devotees should select any one Mantra for repetition.