Nav Samvatsar will start from 11th April 2013. This day is the first Navratri of Chaitra Shukla Paksha and so, Kalash Sthapna is being performed. Nine incarnation of Goddess Durga are worshipped on these nine days of Navratri in a systematic manner. This year, the Navratri festival shall start on Thursday in Ashwini Nakshatra and will be till 19th April 2013. Moreover, a person gets virtues by performing Puja, meditation, Yagya, donations, fasting etc. in these days.
ChaitraVasant (spring) Navratri 2013 dates:–
Navratri Day1____ Ghatsthapana – Pratipada – April 11, 2013
Navratri Day2-____ Sindhara Dooj, Dwitiya – April 12, 2013
Navratri Day3____ Gaur Teej, Saubhagya Teej, Tritiya – April 13, 2013
Navratri Day4-____ Varadvinayak Chaturthi – April 14, 2013
Navratri Day 5-____Sri Laxmi Panchami Vrat, Naag Vrat Pujan – April 15, 2013
Navratri Day 6-____Skand Shashthi, Yamuna Jayanti – April 16, 2013
Navratri Day 7____ Mahasaptami Vrat, Chaiti Chath, Vijaya Saptami – April 17, 2013
Navratri Day 8____Sri Durga Mahaashtami, Annapurna Ashtami – April 18, 2013
Navratri Day 9____Vasant or chaitra Navratri ends – Ram Navmi – April 19, 2013
Lord Ganesha Pujan,and Ghat Sthapna in Subh muhurat
On the date of Pratipada, before starting Navrati Puja, Kalash Sthapna or the Ghat Sthapna and ‘Dhwaja Rohan’ is performed. Devi Pujan has a great Mahatmya in the Hindu Dharm. In this period, 9 days fasting is observed. On the 9th day, 10 years old girls are worshipped and offered food.
While doing Ghat-sthapana (placing the pitcher), if it is either Chitra or Baidhriti yoga, one should leave the same.Before starting the navratri rituals one must take holy bath, then in a calm place (preferably the NE direction) make a Kunda or Vedi using pure soil (vedi is the geomatrical structure made for perofrming Yajnas).Plant jowar and wheat seeds in it. ”.In every religious pilrimages, Ghat Sthapna is performed during the auspicious muhurat after sunrise. Seeds of barley and wheat are sown in soil, placed in a vessel made of mud. Navratri is begun on Pratipada Tithi of Ashwin Shukla Paksha by Kalash Sthapna. In Hindus, Kalash is considered as the form of Mangalmurti Ganesha. Hence, first of all, Kalash Sthapna is performed. For this, the ground is made pure and clean by applying a paste of cow dung and Ganga Jal. As per the process, 7 types of soil are taken and a Peeth is prepared. If 7 types of soil is not available, then soil brought from river is mixed with Gangot (soil of river Ganga) and Kalash is established on this. Now place the kalash (kalash made of gold,silver or copper or clay) here and on the kalash place Ma Shakti’s Photo or idol and devotion ally start the worship by firstly paying reverence to Lord Ganesha.Sit next to the Goddess facing either east or west and recite ”. Fast is observed during Navratri in order to please Goddess and paath of Maa Durga is performed at night. A person gets auspicious results of performing Jagran in the nights of Navratri.
Nine incarnations of Navratra
N – Nav
A – Arti
V – Vandna
R – Roshni
A – Aradhna
T – Tez
R – Rakhnewali
A – Ambey maa Har manokamna puri kare.
Navratri is a festival of Hindus celebrated with devotion, love and fervour all over India. Navratra is a nine day festival and comes five times in a year. However, chaitra Navratri is the most anticipated event amongst all for the belief that it is highly influenced by the Devi. Navaratri is celebrated all over India in various forms and with different believes. The word ‘Navratri’ is basically a Sanskrit term which was developed after combining two words ‘Nava’ meaning ‘nine’ and ‘Ratri’ meaning ‘night’. Navratra is dedicated to Shakti Ma or Goddess Durga for her nine day visit on Earth. Indians believe that the Shakti or Devi Ma has nine incarnations and each visits a day on Earth. The first three days of Navratri are dedicated to Goddess Durga (Warrior Goddess) dressed in red and mounted on a lion. Her various incarnations – Kumari, Parvati and Kali – are worshipped during these days. They represent the three different classes of womanhood that include the child, the young girl and the mature woman. Next three days are dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity), dressed in gold and mounted on an owl and finally, last three are dedicated to Goddess Saraswati (Goddess of Knowledge), dressed in milky white and mounted on a pure white swan. Sweetmeats are prepared for the celebrations. Children and adults dress up in new bright-colored dresses for the night performances. Worshippers celebrate it as the festival of autumn season to cherish the good harvest. Also, it indicates the victory of Goddess Durga after defeating Mahishasura (symbolizing evil) and establishing peace and prosperity on Earth. There are many stories related to this festival and each community has their own belief to celebrate accordingly.
Chaitra( Vasanta) Navaratri (March-April)
Gupta Navaratri (June-July)
Sharada Navaratri (September-October)
Paush Navaratri (December-January)
Magh Navaratri (January-February)
Navratri fasting is practiced by the devotees of Goddess Durga to cleanse and purify the body as well as soul. It is believed that the person who fasts get blessed for being a person with virtue. Navratri fast is not strictly banned for foods or liquids. Some sorts of eatables are allowed during these days, such as milk, fruits, potatoes and other root vegetables. It is considered that grains absorb negative energies that’s why these are strictly avoided. Further, common salt is also not allowed instead Sendha Namak (Rock Salt) is suggested. The period of these pious Navratri days is considered for purity and believers evade non-vegetarian foods in these days.Now eat one time food that is vegetarian, without grains or salt. You should eat only once.
“मम महामाया भगवती प्रीतये आयुर्बलावित्तारोग्य समादरा हि प्राप्तये नवरात्र व्रतमहं करिष्य”.
Worshiping Maa Durga.Maa Durga should be worshiped with PANCHOPCHAR (Fragrances, Flowers, Inceses, Diayas and Rice) or Shodoshopchar.In these Devi Fasts, Kumari Pujan is the most important. If possible one should do kumari pujan all nine days and if that’s not possible then on Navami one should feed nine young girls after washing their feet and offering them flowers and incense .Like this for nine days one should observe fast and on Dashmi, perform Dashansh Hawan ,feed Brahmins and submerge the idol of Durga. This can be done according to individual traditions.
The worship of Naav Durga is the most Important, what one needs is devotion and belief. The mood of Navratri is very colourful & unique. It incorporates veneration along with commemoration by means of song and dance. These nights are devoted to the reverence of Goddess Durga (Maa Durga) who exists in many forms and is the manifestation of the absolute energy that pervades the Universe. During these days and nights prayers are offered to Mother Goddess. For the devout these days are the sacrosanct for it is during these days when Goddess Durga takes a stock of her devotees and grants all blessings, removes ills and evils and ensures unproblematic life for her devotees. Lord Ram and Hanuman are also worshipped with Maa Durga during Navratri. Reading Sundarkand, Ram Charitra Manas and Ramayan is considered fruitful. Obstacles through enemy are removed. Desires are fulfilled. People, who worship Goddess in a systematic manner during Navratri, all his works are completed and his soul gets peace.
Nine incarnations of Goddess
Worshipper and his family get blessings of happiness, wealth, health by chanting the mantra….
“जयन्ती मंगला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी, दुर्गा क्षमा शिवा धात्री स्वाहा, स्वधा नामोस्तुते”.
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