Kalashtami, or Maha kala Bhairavashtami, is the most auspicious day dedicated to Lord Kala Bhairava. It falls on the eighth lunar day (ashtami) in the fortnight of the waning moon (Krishna paksha) in the Hindu month. Kala-Bhairava Ashtami and Kala-Bhairava Jayantiis a Hindu holy day commemorating the birthday of Bhairava Lord kala Bhairava is a manifestation of Lord Shiva. Kala Bhairava is the God of Time – Kal means ‘time’ and ‘Bhairava’ the manifestation of Shiva. Ashtami after Poornima, the eighth day after full moon, is considered the ideal day to propitiate Kala Bhairava.
In 2012, Kala Bhairav Ashtami and Kal Bhairav Jayanti is on December 6.
It must be noted that Kalashtami is observed on the eighth day after full moon on all months by Shiva devotees.
Legend has it that it Lord Shiva in the form of Mahakaleshwar chopped off the fifth head of Brahma and performed penance on this day. There are several legends regarding the reason for chopping of the fifth head of Brahma. Once legend has it that the Trimurti – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva once had an argument over who is the most powerful. During the argument, Brahma uttered a remark which enraged Shiva. Suddenly, he produced Bhairava from his body and ordered to chop the head of Brahma.
Since the presiding deity of Benares is Kala Bhairav, the devotees throng here to celebrate this day by fasting and prayers. Shiva devotees take morning bath and perform pujas. Special pujas are also offered to dead ancestors in the morning. Staunch devotees keep vigil at night and narrate stories of Mahakaleshwar
This terrified the demigods (Devas) and humans and this form of Shiva is believed to punish sinners and he carries a ‘Danda’ – a rod to punish.
The vahana (vehicle) of Lord Kaala Bhairava is the dog. Feeding and taking care of dogs is another way of showing our devotion to Lord Kaala Bhairava.
There are eight types of Bhairavas and they are called ashta Bhairavas. They are
Apart from these eight forms there is yet another form called Swarna akarshana Bahiravar. Maha Bhairavar is said to be Shiva himself.
The Swarna akarshana Bhairavar has red complexion and clothed in golden dress. He has moon in his head. He has four hands. In one of the hands he carries a golden vessel. He gives wealth and prosperity.
There is some famous temple– Lord Kala Bhairava is also known as Kshetrapalaka, the guardian of the temple. In honor of this, keys to the temple are ceremonially submitted to Lord Kaala Bhairava at temple closing time and are received from him at opening time.
Thiru Yoganandeswarar Temple—Thiruvisanallur – Sadhurkala Bhairavar is famous here. The four Bhairavars with Saneeswara Bhagawan and Sivalingam on their sides denote different periods of life and praying here will solve our problems for our entire lifespan.
Patteeswarar Temple – Kumbakonam Lord Kala Bhairava is also known as Kshetrapalaka, the guardian of the temple. In honor of this, keys to the temple are ceremonially submitted to Lord Kaala Bhairava at temple closing time and are received from him at opening time
Vaimurnathar Temple – Thiruvaimur, Thiruvarur there are seven forms of Bhairavar here it is believed that ashta Bairavars were in existence in this temple Kshetrabalapuram is situated near kumbakonam and this Kala Bhairavar’s temple is very famous. Here Kala Bhairavar is standing without His usual Dog Vahana and is very handsome like Lord Muruga. There is only Kala Bhairavar in this temple and lot of Kala.
Bhairavar Temple – Kshetrabalapuram people visit this temple from far off since this Bhairavar blesses those who pray for Kalyana Bhagyam and to beget Children.
According Puranas are of the opinion that on the day of Bhairava Ashtami the Ganga – Bath and ancestor – Tarpan – including memorial throughout the year due to fast for the creature attains liberation from worldly and otherworldly Reach.
Sunday and Tuesday Ashtami is rendered to be of utmost importance. worship the Bhairav,s vicale Schwann andSchwann group should have.give milk, yoghurt, sweets etc. should have Kal Bhairav Ashtami reminds us. I am going to call the shelter of Bhairava is the fear of death.